Bylaws

Bylaws of RTJH

Bylaws of the Rio Tierra Junior High School Student Government

Updated on:

Approved by the Senate on: 8 March 2016

Approved by the Assembly on:

Approved by the President on:

100.1 Mission Statement

The mission of Rio Tierra’s Student Government is to improve education, while making school more enjoyable.

200.1 General Policies

All Bylaws must comply with the Rio Tierra Constitution.

200.2 Inauguration

All officers of the executive branch, members of the Senate, and members of the Assembly, must prior to assuming office, be inaugurated by taking the oath of office before witnesses. The President and Assembly members shall be sworn in by the Student Activities Director. The Vice Presidents shall be sworn in by the President. Members of the Senate shall be sworn in by the Vice Presidents, or the Senate Leader if available.

200.3 Oath of Office

The following shall be the oath of office, with right hand raised:

“I, <state your name>, do affirm that I will faithfully execute the Office of <state the title of your office> of Rio Tierra Junior High School, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of Rio Tierra Junior High School, and act in the best interest of students.”

300.1 Ministries

The President shall appoint officers and ensure that resources are allocated properly to each Ministry as needed to complete their duties. The President, in consultation with the appropriate minister, shall add directors and work groups as needed.

300.2 Ministry of Finance

The Ministry of Finance shall be responsible for tracking income and expenditures, reviewing all budget requests made through the executive department, ensuring that all departments follow the budgets approved by Congress.

The Minister of Finance shall be appointed by the President, and approved by the Congress.

The Minister of Finance shall report directly to the President, but shall as need arises, or when subpoenaed, shall report to the Congress.

The Minister of Finance shall have all necessary and proper authority to execute the responsibilities as listed above.

300.3 Ministry of Fundraising

The Ministry of Fundraising shall be responsible for developing new sources of revenue.

The Minister of Fundraising shall be appointed by the President, and approved by the Congress.

The Minister of Fundraising shall report directly to the President, but shall as need arises, or when subpoenaed, shall report to the Congress.

The Minister of Fundraising shall have all necessary and proper authority to execute the responsibilities as listed above.

300.4 Ministry of Information

The Ministry of Information shall be responsible for informing the student body of all events, opportunities, news, and other information relevant to their lives. The Ministry will have access to the web site, hallway display cases, and the announcement script, and shall liaison with other media outlets on campus (Pioneer Weekly, Renaissance Reports, etc.).

The Minister of Information shall be appointed by the President, and approved by the Congress.

The Minister of Information shall report directly to the President, but shall as need arises, or when subpoenaed, shall report to the Congress.

The Minister of Information shall have all necessary and proper authority to execute the responsibilities as listed above.

300.5 Ministry of Dance

The Ministry of Dance shall be responsible for organizing and executing at least three student dances each year.

The Minister of Dance shall be appointed by the President, and approved by the Congress.

The Minister of Dance shall report directly to the President, but shall as need arises, or when subpoenaed, shall report to the Congress.

The Minister of Dance shall have all necessary and proper authority to execute the responsibilities as listed above.

300.6 Ministry of Rallies

The Ministry of Rallies shall be responsible for organizing and executing Sports Rallies at the start of each sports season.

The Minister of Rallies shall be appointed by the President, and approved by the Congress.

The Minister of Rallies shall report directly to the President, but shall as need arises, or when subpoenaed, shall report to the Congress.

The Minister of Rallies shall have all necessary and proper authority to execute the responsibilities as listed above.

300.7 Ministry of Spirit

The Ministry of Spirit shall be responsible for the organization of Spirit Weeks, Lunch Time Activities, and any other activity that promotes school spirit, sports rallies and dances excepted.

The Minister of Spirit shall be appointed by the President, and approved by the Congress.

The Minister of Spirit shall report directly to the President, but shall as need arises, or when subpoenaed, shall report to the Congress.

The Minister of Spirit shall have all necessary and proper authority to execute the responsibilities as listed above.

300.8 Ministry of Art and Music

The Ministry of Art and Music shall be responsible for the production of decorations, posters, and other visual materials needed by other ministries, as well as for event music.

The Minister of Art and Music shall be appointed by the President, and approved by the Congress.

The Minister of Art and Music shall report directly to the President, but shall as need arises, or when subpoenaed, shall report to the Congress.

The Minister of Art and Music shall have all necessary and proper authority to execute the responsibilities as listed above.

300.9 Ministry of Environment

The Ministry of Environment shall be responsible for advocating and solving problems involving the school's natural environment. This may include energy sustainability, waste management and recycling, sustainable gardening, healthy foods, and any other issue that affects the students of Rio Tierra.

The Minister of Environment shall be appointed by the President, and approved by the Congress.

The Minister of Environment shall report directly to the President, but shall as need arises, or when subpoenaed, shall report to the Congress.

The Minister of Environment shall have all necessary and proper authority to execute the responsibilities as listed above.

400.1 Senate Operating Rules

Section 400 Senate Operating Rules may be changed by a majority vote of the Senate, is not subject to presidential approval or veto, and is not subject to approval or review of the Assembly.

Updated on:

Approved by the Senate on:

300.2 Meetings

The Senate shall meet every Thursday during the school year, at 12:10 PM, in the leadership room.

The Senate shall choose, through nomination, and then election one week later, a Senate Leader and Senate Vice-Leader.

Agendas shall be posted at least five days before any meeting in the main hallway display case, and be Loop-mailed to each member.

400.3 Leadership

Leadership of the Senate shall be vested in the Senate Leader and Senate Vice-Leader.

400.4 Senate Leader

The Senate Leader shall act as chair of the Senate, and shall only vote in the event of a tie.

The Senate Leader has the authority to add items to the agenda, without Senate approval. These items must follow the agenda posting requirements as noted in 300.1.

400.5 Senate Vice-Leader

The Senate Vice Leader shall act as Leader in the absence of the Senate Leader.

400.6 Records

The Proceedings of the Senate are public record, and shall be maintained by the Senate Leader. The proceedings must be posted in whole on the school web site, and the most recent minutes in the main hall display case, and in other locations and in other media as available.

500.1 Assembly Operating Rules

Section 500 Assembly Operating Rules may be changed by a majority vote of the Assembly, is not subject to presidential approval or veto, and is not subject to approval or review of the Senate.

Updated on:

Approved by the Assembly on:

500.2 Meetings

The Assembly shall meet every Wednesday during the school year, at 1:25 PM, in the leadership room.

The Assembly shall choose, through nomination, and then election one week later, an Assembly Leader and Assembly Vice-Leader.

Agendas shall be posted at least five days before any meeting in the main hallway display case, and be Loop-mailed to each member.

500.3 Leadership

Leadership of the Assembly shall be vested in the Assembly Leader and Assembly Vice-Leader.

500.4 Assembly Leader

The Assembly Leader shall act as chair of the Assembly, and shall only vote in the event of a tie.

The Assembly Leader has the authority to add items to the agenda, without Assembly approval. These items must follow the agenda posting requirements as noted in 500.1.

500.5 Assembly Vice-Leader

The Assembly Vice Leader shall act as Leader in the absence of the Assembly Leader.

500.6 Records

The Proceedings of the Assembly are public record, and shall be maintained by the Assembly Leader. The proceedings must be posted in whole on the school web site, and the most recent minutes in the main hall display case, and in other locations and in other media as available.

600.1 Judicial Branch

The President may appoint members of the court, with the approval of Congress. In addition to the five members of the Supreme Court, there shall be one lower court for Conflict Resolution, and one middle court for Criminal Prosecution and Civil Action. Should these courts be vacant of members, the Supreme Court shall have Original Jurisdiction in all matters.

600.2 Court of Conflict Resolution

Members of the Court of Conflict Resolution (CCR) are titled Mediator. There shall be one Mediator for every CCR court. The function of the court is to mediate disputes between two parties, in a non-adversarial way. No settlement is imposed by the court, the parties are encouraged to work out their differences. There shall be no advocates nor juries. At any time, any party may declare impasse, and the case will be sent to Court of Criminal Prosecution and Civil Action.

600.3 Court of Criminal Prosecution and Civil Action

Members of the Court of Criminal Prosecution and Civil Action (CCPCA) are titled Consul. There shall be one Consul for every CCPCA court. The function of this court shall be to settle conflicts, where mediation and peaceful settlement have failed, using an adversarial system.

This court shall have Original Jurisdiction in all matters not set by the Constitution. The CCPCA courts shall follow this procedural order: arraignment or pretrial motions, opening arguments, prosecution's case, defense's case, closing arguments. A jury may be selected by request of the defense. Such jury shall be a completely random drawing of twelve Rio Tierra students who are willing to serve—those who show up for the trial on on the jury and will make the decision, but should no one show up, the Consul shall determine the outcome. Defendants shall be allowed one person to stand with them as their advocate. Prosecutors shall be appointed by the president, and are not subject to Congressional confirmation.

600.4 Supreme Court

Members of the Supreme Court (SC) shall be addressed as Magistrate. One member of the SC shall be elected by the Supreme Court's members to be the Chief Magistrate.

Decisions of the court are made by simple majority, and must be accompanied by a written explanation for the decision made.

The Chief Justice shall have the authority to ensure that court proceedings and procedures are followed. In cases of Original Jurisdiction, the SC shall follow the same procedures as the CCPCA.

In cases of Appellate Jurisdiction, all courts shall hear each side's arguments, asking questions in turn, and then retire to deliberate privately. No juries are allowed. All Justices may attend. Defendants shall be allowed one other person to stand with them as their advocate.

Lower courts must follow the example of the Supreme Court's decisions.